PALEOLITHIC ART MAGAZINE


EUROPA



A DOUBLE ANTHROPOMORPHIC SMALL SCULPTURE OF UPPER PALEOLITHIC

Pietro Gaietto








Fig.1 Small sculpture from Gagarino, Ukraina
cm 14,8 high


This small sculpture (Fig.1) in ivory of mammuth ( extinct hairy Elephant ) cm 14.8 high (cm 5.2 the female figurine; cm 9.6 the men), found in a Palaeolithic site (evolved Gravettian, about 21,800 years ago) at Gagarino, Ukraine, is a very rare example of two human beings joined together by the neck, with the whole body.

Palaeolithic lithic tools are part of material culture, while the sculpture, as art, in every time, even today, is part of the spiritual culture.

Each palaeolithic sculpture, and also this, has been produced for rites of cult and, compared with today, is a work of religious type.

This sculpture from Gagarino represents a pregnant woman (it shows the belly of pregnant woman; no feet, as all paleolithic Venus), generally called "Venus", and, united by the neck, the figure of a man of greater size, but with less care in workmanship.

The union of the two heads is certainly connected to the bifrontism of previous eras, which continues until the historical and current ages in equatorial Africa.



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